E-ISSN 2146-8311
 

Original Research 


Occupational Hazards and Health Problems Reported by Workers in a Sawmill in Uyo, Nigeria

Ofonime Effiong Johnson, Queen Malachy Umoren.

Abstract
Introduction: Sawmill workers in Nigeria are exposed to many workplace hazards and avoidable health problems. This study was carried out to determine the perceived hazards and health problems among workers in a sawmill in Uyo, Nigeria.
Materials and Methods: This was a cross sectional descriptive study carried out in February 2018 among workers in a sawmill in Uyo. Information obtained using an interviewer administered questionnaire included work history, occupational hazards, health problems and use of personal protective equipment (PPE) among the wood workers. Data was analysed with IBM SPSS Statistic 20. Inferences were made using the chi square test. Level of significance was set at 0.05.
Result: A total of 127 respondents participated in the study. The mean age of respondents was 35.14±11.38 years. Majority, 124 (97.6%) were males and 76 (59.8%) had completed secondary level of education. Majority, 92 (72.4%) worked for 8-10 hours daily and 54 (42.5%) had worked for > 10 years. Occupational hazards reported were dust, 94 (74.0%), noise 93 (73.2%), vibration 62(48.8%) and heat 60 (47.2%). Health problems included injuries 54 (42.5%), low back pain 52 (40.9%), cough 45 (35.4%) and eye irritations 34 (26.8%). Cough was significantly associated with number of work years (p<0.05). The most commonly used PPEs were face masks 17 (13.4%) and goggles 13 (10.2%).
Conclusion: Despite the hazards and health problems reported by the workers, use of PPE was poor. Legislation such as the Occupational Safety and Health Framework Directive which obliges employers to take appropriate preventive measures to make work safer and healthier should be enforced in all sawmills. Health and Safety training and occupational health services should also be provided for sawmill workers to ensure a healthier work force.

Key words: Occupational hazards, sawmill, health problems, timber workers, Nigeria.


 
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Pubmed Style

Ofonime Effiong Johnson, Queen Malachy Umoren. Occupational Hazards and Health Problems Reported by Workers in a Sawmill in Uyo, Nigeria. J Environ Occup Sci. 2018; 7(2): 17-24. doi:10.5455/jeos.20180615042801


Web Style

Ofonime Effiong Johnson, Queen Malachy Umoren. Occupational Hazards and Health Problems Reported by Workers in a Sawmill in Uyo, Nigeria. http://www.jeosci.com/?mno=301980 [Access: December 15, 2018]. doi:10.5455/jeos.20180615042801


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ofonime Effiong Johnson, Queen Malachy Umoren. Occupational Hazards and Health Problems Reported by Workers in a Sawmill in Uyo, Nigeria. J Environ Occup Sci. 2018; 7(2): 17-24. doi:10.5455/jeos.20180615042801



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ofonime Effiong Johnson, Queen Malachy Umoren. Occupational Hazards and Health Problems Reported by Workers in a Sawmill in Uyo, Nigeria. J Environ Occup Sci. (2018), [cited December 15, 2018]; 7(2): 17-24. doi:10.5455/jeos.20180615042801



Harvard Style

Ofonime Effiong Johnson, Queen Malachy Umoren (2018) Occupational Hazards and Health Problems Reported by Workers in a Sawmill in Uyo, Nigeria. J Environ Occup Sci, 7 (2), 17-24. doi:10.5455/jeos.20180615042801



Turabian Style

Ofonime Effiong Johnson, Queen Malachy Umoren. 2018. Occupational Hazards and Health Problems Reported by Workers in a Sawmill in Uyo, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science, 7 (2), 17-24. doi:10.5455/jeos.20180615042801



Chicago Style

Ofonime Effiong Johnson, Queen Malachy Umoren. "Occupational Hazards and Health Problems Reported by Workers in a Sawmill in Uyo, Nigeria." Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science 7 (2018), 17-24. doi:10.5455/jeos.20180615042801



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ofonime Effiong Johnson, Queen Malachy Umoren. "Occupational Hazards and Health Problems Reported by Workers in a Sawmill in Uyo, Nigeria." Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science 7.2 (2018), 17-24. Print. doi:10.5455/jeos.20180615042801



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ofonime Effiong Johnson, Queen Malachy Umoren (2018) Occupational Hazards and Health Problems Reported by Workers in a Sawmill in Uyo, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science, 7 (2), 17-24. doi:10.5455/jeos.20180615042801





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