E-ISSN 2146-8311
 

Original Research 


Occupational Exposure to Oxyacetylene Flame Could Predispose to Macrocytic Anaemia in Welders in Nnewi, South East Nigeria

Nancy Ibeh, John Aneke, Chide Okocha, Emmanuel Obeagu.

Abstract
Background: Oxyacetylene flame is known to contain a number deleterious components which could be of potentially occupational health importance.
Objective: To evaluate the effects of occupational exposure to oxyacetylene flame on haematological indices in a population of welders in Nnewi, Nigeria.
Subjects and Methods: A total of 100 subjects were randomly selected, comprising of 50 apparently healthy welders and controls, respectively. Subjects were further stratified into those that consumed alcohol and/or tobacco products and those who did not. Three milliliter (3ml) of venous blood was collected from each participant and dispensed into potassium- ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid (K-EDTA) containers for full blood count determination. This was done using the Sysmex® automated haematology analyser, Model Number: PCE 210. Results were expressed as means ± SD while the students t-test and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) were used for comparison of means; P was significant at <0.05.
Results: The absolute blood monocyte and eosinophil counts, mean cell volume (MCV), mean cell haemoglobin and mean cell haemoglobin concentration were significantly higher in welders compared with controls while the white cell count, absolute neutrophil, eosinophils and platelet counts were significantly increased in study subjects with increasing duration of exposure (P values all <0.05). The packed cell volume and haemoglobin concentration were significantly lower, while the MCV was significantly higher in study subjects who consumed alcohol, compared to those who did not (P values all <0.05).
Conclusion: Occupational exposure to oxyacetylene flame could lead to macrocytic anaemia

Key words: macrocytic anaemia, occupational health, welders’ flame, alcohol consumption


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Nancy Ibeh, John Aneke, Chide Okocha, Emmanuel Obeagu. Occupational Exposure to Oxyacetylene Flame Could Predispose to Macrocytic Anaemia in Welders in Nnewi, South East Nigeria. J Environ Occup Sci. 2016; 5(3): 66-70. doi:10.5455/jeos.20161124094126


Web Style

Nancy Ibeh, John Aneke, Chide Okocha, Emmanuel Obeagu. Occupational Exposure to Oxyacetylene Flame Could Predispose to Macrocytic Anaemia in Welders in Nnewi, South East Nigeria. http://www.jeosci.com/?mno=243459 [Access: December 15, 2018]. doi:10.5455/jeos.20161124094126


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nancy Ibeh, John Aneke, Chide Okocha, Emmanuel Obeagu. Occupational Exposure to Oxyacetylene Flame Could Predispose to Macrocytic Anaemia in Welders in Nnewi, South East Nigeria. J Environ Occup Sci. 2016; 5(3): 66-70. doi:10.5455/jeos.20161124094126



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nancy Ibeh, John Aneke, Chide Okocha, Emmanuel Obeagu. Occupational Exposure to Oxyacetylene Flame Could Predispose to Macrocytic Anaemia in Welders in Nnewi, South East Nigeria. J Environ Occup Sci. (2016), [cited December 15, 2018]; 5(3): 66-70. doi:10.5455/jeos.20161124094126



Harvard Style

Nancy Ibeh, John Aneke, Chide Okocha, Emmanuel Obeagu (2016) Occupational Exposure to Oxyacetylene Flame Could Predispose to Macrocytic Anaemia in Welders in Nnewi, South East Nigeria. J Environ Occup Sci, 5 (3), 66-70. doi:10.5455/jeos.20161124094126



Turabian Style

Nancy Ibeh, John Aneke, Chide Okocha, Emmanuel Obeagu. 2016. Occupational Exposure to Oxyacetylene Flame Could Predispose to Macrocytic Anaemia in Welders in Nnewi, South East Nigeria. Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science, 5 (3), 66-70. doi:10.5455/jeos.20161124094126



Chicago Style

Nancy Ibeh, John Aneke, Chide Okocha, Emmanuel Obeagu. "Occupational Exposure to Oxyacetylene Flame Could Predispose to Macrocytic Anaemia in Welders in Nnewi, South East Nigeria." Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science 5 (2016), 66-70. doi:10.5455/jeos.20161124094126



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nancy Ibeh, John Aneke, Chide Okocha, Emmanuel Obeagu. "Occupational Exposure to Oxyacetylene Flame Could Predispose to Macrocytic Anaemia in Welders in Nnewi, South East Nigeria." Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science 5.3 (2016), 66-70. Print. doi:10.5455/jeos.20161124094126



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nancy Ibeh, John Aneke, Chide Okocha, Emmanuel Obeagu (2016) Occupational Exposure to Oxyacetylene Flame Could Predispose to Macrocytic Anaemia in Welders in Nnewi, South East Nigeria. Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science, 5 (3), 66-70. doi:10.5455/jeos.20161124094126





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