E-ISSN 2146-8311
 

Original Research 


Seroprevalence of Brucella Infection in Camel and Its Public Health Significance in Selected Districts of Afar Region, Ethiopia

Sisay Weldegebriel Zewolda, Mekonnen Haileselassie Wereta.

Cited by (6)

Abstract
This paper reports the results of a cross-sectional study conducted between October 2010 and May 2011 in two conveniently selected camel-rearing districts of Afar, Awash-Fentale and Amibara, North East Ethiopia with the objective of determining the prevalence and risk factors of camel and human brucellosis. A total of 768 camel blood sera were collected by simple random sampling from eight pastoral and agro-pastoral residences and human sera were collected from 200 purposely selected clinical patients from two health centres of the districts. Sera were screened using Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT) and positive samples were then confirmed by Complement Fixation Test (CFT). The overall prevalence of camel brucellosis in the districts investigated was 11.9% by RBPT and 7.6% by CFT and the overall prevalence of human brucellosis was 16% by RBPT and 15% by CFT. The logistic regression on animal level including age, herd size, presence of ruminants and parity of the camels showed statistically significant difference and were the potential risk factors associated with camel brucellosis with significance levels of (P= 0.026, 0.004, 0.0001 and 0.004 respectively. The ownership of Milking Camels, living within the pastoral and agro-pastoral communities, keeping of livestock in close contact, consumption of raw camel milk and milk products, assisting animals during parturition and grooming livestock were potential risk factors associated with human brucellosis. The results of the present investigation indicate that human and camel brucellosis is widely distributed in the study districts of Afar Regional State. Hence, controlling the risk factors, proper hygienic practices, public education and team work between veterinary and health personnel should be improved. An effort to mitigate the economic losses and public health hazard caused by the disease has to be made.

Key words: Key words: Camel brucellosis, CFT/ RBPT, Human brucellosis, Epidemiology, Risk factors, Afar region, Ethiopia


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Sisay Weldegebriel Zewolda
Articles by Mekonnen Haileselassie Wereta
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 3782
Downloaded: 922
Cited: 6

REFERENCES
1. Bekele M. B. Sero-epidemiological study of brucellosis in camels (camelus dromedarius) in Borena lowland pastoral areas, Borena Zone of Afar region, Southern Ethiopia. Addis Ababa University, FVM, Debre Zeit, MSc Thesis (unpublished); 2004


2. CSA. Central Statistics Authority (CSA). Livestock population in Ethiopia; 2007


3. Getahun T, Kassa B. Camel husbandry practices, households and herd characteristics in eastern Ethiopia. In: Proceedings of the Ethiopian Society of Animal Production. August 2000, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2000. P. 168-179.

[
Pubmed]   


4. Regassa G, Abdoel T.H, Assefa A, Gebreyohannes A, Guta T, Mekonnen D, Smits H.L, Tilahun H, Yamuah L. Human Brucellosis in Traditional Pastoral Communities in Ethiopia. Int. J. Trop. Med. 2009; 4: 59-64.


5. Domenech J. Brucellose de dromadaire en Ethiopie. Revue de` Elevage et Medicine Veterinaire des Pays Tropicaux. 1977; 30: 141-142.


6. Richard L. K. Ingestion and intracellular survival of Brucella abortus in human and bovine polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Infect. Immun. 1979; 46: 224-230.


7. Teshome H, Molla B, Tibbo M. A seroprevalence study of camel brucellosis in three camel-rearing regions of Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 2003; 35: 381-389

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1025874310261

[
Pubmed]   


8. Bechtol D, Carpenter E, Mosites D, Smalley J, Dunn R, Brucella melitensis Infection Following Military Duty in Iraq. Zoonoses and Public Health. 2010; [DOI via Crossref]   
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1863-2378.2011.01399.x


9. Gameel SEA, Mohammed S. O, Mustafa AA, Azwai S. M. Prevalence of camel brucellosis in Libya. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 1993; 25: 91-93.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02236513


10. Thrusfield M., 2005. Veterinary Epidemiology, 3rd ed. Blackwell Science Ltd., London; 2005. p. 227–247.


11. Staak C, Salchow F, Denzin N. Practical Serology: From the Basic to the Testing. Urban and Vogel, Munich, Germany; 2000

[
PMC Free Fulltext]   


12. OIE. Bovine Brucellosis. Manual of Diagnostic Tests and vaccine for terrestrial animal's 5th ed. Office International des Epizooticus, Paris; 2004.P. 242-262; 328-345


13. Statistical Package for Social Science, Inc. (SPSS). SPSS for Window (Version 11.5) SPSS, Chicago, IL, USA; 2002


14. Kagunya D.K.J, Waiyaki P.G. A serological survey of animal brucellosis in the North Eastern Province of Kenya. Kenya Veterinary. 1978; 2: 35-38.


15. Wilson RT, Araya A, Melaku A. The one humped camel: Analytical and Annotated bibliography 1980-1989. Technical paper series No 3. United Nation Sudano -Sahelian Office (UNSO): New York, USA; 1990. P. 20


16. Osman AM, Adlam AM. Brucellosis in domestic animals; prevalence, diagnosis and control in Sudan, Tech. series, Office Int. Epiz. 1987; 6: 67-72.


17. Omer MK, Skjerve E, Holstad G, Woldehiwete Z. Prevalence of antibodies to Brucella spp. in cattle, sheep, goats, horses and camels in the State of Eritrea; influence of husbandry systems. J. Infect. 2000; 125, 447–453.


18. Muma JB, Samui KL, Oloya J, Munyeme M, Skjerve E. Risk factors for brucellosis in indigenous cattle reared in livestock–wildlife interface areas of Zambia. Prev. Vet. Med. 2007; 80: 306–317.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2007.03.003

[
Pubmed]   


19. Ariza J, Pellicer Pallares TR, Foz A, Gudiol F. Specific antibodies profile in human brucellosis. Clin. Inf. Dis. 1992; 14: 131-140.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/clinids/14.1.131

[
Pubmed]   


20. Radostits OM, Gay CC, Blood DC, Hinchcliff KW. Veterinary medicine: a textbook of the diseases of Cattle, Sheep, Pigs, Goats and Horses, 9th ed. W.B. Saunders Ltd, Oxford; 2000. P. 867-882.


21. Abbas B, Agab H. A review of camel Brucellosis. Prev. Vet. Med. 2002; 55: 47-56.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-5877(02)00055-7


22. Fox M D, Kaufman A F. Brucellosis in the United States, 1965-1976. J Infect Dis. 1977; 153: 122-125.


23. Araj G. F, Azzam R.A. Seroprevalence of antibodies among persons in high-risk occupation in Lebanon. Epidemiol. Infect.1996; 117: 281–8.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S095026880000145X

[
Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   


24. Six W, Rosegger H, Schneeweiss H, Withalam H. Serological investigation in Nigeria for anthropozoonos in human sera. J Hyg Epidemiol Microbiol Immunol. 1987; 31: 493–495.


25. Ndyabahinduka DG, Chu IH. Brucellosis in Uganda, Int. J. Zoonoses. 1984; 11: 59-64.

[
Pubmed]   


26. Almuneef MA, Memish ZA, Balkhy HH, Alotaibi B, Algoda S, Abbas M, Alsubaie S. Importance of screening household members of acute brucellosis cases in endemic areas. Cambridge University Press, Epidemiol. Infect. 2004; 132: 533–540.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268803001857

[
Pubmed]    PMCid:2870132

This Article Cited By the following articles

Pathological and diagnostic investigations of abortions and neonatal mortality associated with natural infection of Brucella abortus in dromedary camels
Comp Clin Pathol 2017; 26(1): 79.

1
 
Serological, molecular detection and potential risk factors associated with camel brucellosis in Pakistan
Trop Anim Health Prod 2016; (): .

2
 
Pathological and diagnostic investigations of abortions and neonatal mortality associated with natural infection of Brucella abortus in dromedary camels
Comp Clin Pathol 2016; (): .

3
 
Review on Brucellosis Sero-prevalence and Ecology in Livestock and Human Population of Ethiopia
Achievements in the Life Sciences 2016; 10(1): 80.

4
 
Brucellosis Seropositivity in Animals and Humans in Ethiopia: A Meta-analysis
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2016; 10(10): e0005006.

5
 
Sero-prevalence of camel brucellosis in three abbatoirs of Nothern Nigeria
J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health 2016; 8(3): 15.

6
 
How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sisay Weldegebriel Zewolda, Mekonnen Haileselassie Wereta. Seroprevalence of Brucella Infection in Camel and Its Public Health Significance in Selected Districts of Afar Region, Ethiopia. J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(2): 91-98. doi:10.5455/jeos.20120711034013


Web Style

Sisay Weldegebriel Zewolda, Mekonnen Haileselassie Wereta. Seroprevalence of Brucella Infection in Camel and Its Public Health Significance in Selected Districts of Afar Region, Ethiopia. http://www.jeosci.com/?mno=21946 [Access: December 15, 2018]. doi:10.5455/jeos.20120711034013


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sisay Weldegebriel Zewolda, Mekonnen Haileselassie Wereta. Seroprevalence of Brucella Infection in Camel and Its Public Health Significance in Selected Districts of Afar Region, Ethiopia. J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(2): 91-98. doi:10.5455/jeos.20120711034013



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sisay Weldegebriel Zewolda, Mekonnen Haileselassie Wereta. Seroprevalence of Brucella Infection in Camel and Its Public Health Significance in Selected Districts of Afar Region, Ethiopia. J Environ Occup Sci. (2012), [cited December 15, 2018]; 1(2): 91-98. doi:10.5455/jeos.20120711034013



Harvard Style

Sisay Weldegebriel Zewolda, Mekonnen Haileselassie Wereta (2012) Seroprevalence of Brucella Infection in Camel and Its Public Health Significance in Selected Districts of Afar Region, Ethiopia. J Environ Occup Sci, 1 (2), 91-98. doi:10.5455/jeos.20120711034013



Turabian Style

Sisay Weldegebriel Zewolda, Mekonnen Haileselassie Wereta. 2012. Seroprevalence of Brucella Infection in Camel and Its Public Health Significance in Selected Districts of Afar Region, Ethiopia. Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science, 1 (2), 91-98. doi:10.5455/jeos.20120711034013



Chicago Style

Sisay Weldegebriel Zewolda, Mekonnen Haileselassie Wereta. "Seroprevalence of Brucella Infection in Camel and Its Public Health Significance in Selected Districts of Afar Region, Ethiopia." Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science 1 (2012), 91-98. doi:10.5455/jeos.20120711034013



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sisay Weldegebriel Zewolda, Mekonnen Haileselassie Wereta. "Seroprevalence of Brucella Infection in Camel and Its Public Health Significance in Selected Districts of Afar Region, Ethiopia." Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science 1.2 (2012), 91-98. Print. doi:10.5455/jeos.20120711034013



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sisay Weldegebriel Zewolda, Mekonnen Haileselassie Wereta (2012) Seroprevalence of Brucella Infection in Camel and Its Public Health Significance in Selected Districts of Afar Region, Ethiopia. Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science, 1 (2), 91-98. doi:10.5455/jeos.20120711034013





Most Viewed Articles
  • Effects of cultural shock on foreign health care professionals: An analysis of key factors
    Rakesh Guru, Muhammad A Siddiqui, Zeeshan Ahmed, Adeel Ahmed Khan
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(1): 53-62
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20120429110947

  • Chemical and mineral compositions of pods of Moringa stenopetala and Moringa oleifera cultivated in the lowland of Gamogofa Zone
    Aberra Melesse, Kefyalew Berihun
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2013; 2(1): 33-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20130212090940

  • Ergonomics in dentistry- a review
    Ramachandran Sudarshan, Sree Vijayabala Ganesan
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(2): 125-128
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20120627024312

  • Zoonoses Occupationally Acquired By Abattoir Workers
    Mahendra Pal, Sihin Tesfaye, Pratibha Dave
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2013; 2(3): 155-162
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20131013121517

  • Distribution of nosocomial infections caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae ESBL strain
    Sadeta Had& 382;i& 263;, Amer & 268;ustovi& 263;, Jasmina Smajlovi& 263;, Sead Ahmetagi& 263;
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(3): 141-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20121205084327

  • Cancer Mortality Rates in Appalachian Mountaintop Coal Mining Areas
    Melissa Ahern, Michael Hendryx
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(2): 63-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20120702022809

  • Assessment of the relationship between blood lead levels and hematological parameters among lead acid –storage battery plant workers
    Ravibabu Kalahasthi, Tapu Barman, Hirehal Raghavendra Rao
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(1): 1-5
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20120602121627

  • Distribution of mercury in water, sediment and fish from the Volta lake and its major tributaries
    Edward Ebow Kwaansa-Ansah, Anthony Apeke Adimado, James Hawkins Ephraim
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(1): 27-36
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20120506035722

  • Haematological effects of radiofrequency radiation from GSM base stations on four successive generations (F1 – F4) of albino mice, Mus Musculus
    Adebayo Akeem Otitoloju, Vincent O. Osunkalu, Ruth Oduware, Idowu Ayisat Obe, Adekola Olajide Adewale
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(1): 17-22
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20120602121540

  • Ecological footprint score in university students of an Indian city
    Sonika Raj, Sonu Goel, Manoj Sharma, Amarjeet Singh
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(1): 23-26
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20120610031942

  • Most Downloaded
  • Ergonomics in dentistry- a review
    Ramachandran Sudarshan, Sree Vijayabala Ganesan
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(2): 125-128
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20120627024312

  • Chemical and mineral compositions of pods of Moringa stenopetala and Moringa oleifera cultivated in the lowland of Gamogofa Zone
    Aberra Melesse, Kefyalew Berihun
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2013; 2(1): 33-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20130212090940

  • Cancer Mortality Rates in Appalachian Mountaintop Coal Mining Areas
    Melissa Ahern, Michael Hendryx
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(2): 63-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20120702022809

  • Zoonoses Occupationally Acquired By Abattoir Workers
    Mahendra Pal, Sihin Tesfaye, Pratibha Dave
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2013; 2(3): 155-162
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20131013121517

  • Distribution of nosocomial infections caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae ESBL strain
    Sadeta Had& 382;i& 263;, Amer & 268;ustovi& 263;, Jasmina Smajlovi& 263;, Sead Ahmetagi& 263;
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(3): 141-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20121205084327

  • Toxic effects of transition metals on male reproductive system: A review
    Milan Chandel, Gyan Chand Jain
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2014; 3(4): 204-213
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20140929042630

  • Assessment of the relationship between blood lead levels and hematological parameters among lead acid –storage battery plant workers
    Ravibabu Kalahasthi, Tapu Barman, Hirehal Raghavendra Rao
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(1): 1-5
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20120602121627

  • Issues with solid waste management in South Asian countries: A situational analysis of Pakistan
    Adeel Ahmed Khan, Zeeshan Ahmed, Muhammad Asadullah Siddiqui
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(2): 129-131
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20120731084356

  • Effects of cultural shock on foreign health care professionals: An analysis of key factors
    Rakesh Guru, Muhammad A Siddiqui, Zeeshan Ahmed, Adeel Ahmed Khan
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(1): 53-62
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20120429110947

  • Seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus infections among health care workers at the Bulle Hora Woreda Governmental Health Institutions, Southern Oromia, Ethiopia
    Amha Geberemicheal, Aschalew Gelaw, Feleke Moges, Mulat Dagnaw
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2013; 2(1): 9-14
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20130220105759

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Cancer Mortality Rates in Appalachian Mountaintop Coal Mining Areas
    Melissa Ahern, Michael Hendryx
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(2): 63-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20120702022809
    Cited : 17 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus infections among health care workers at the Bulle Hora Woreda Governmental Health Institutions, Southern Oromia, Ethiopia
    Amha Geberemicheal, Aschalew Gelaw, Feleke Moges, Mulat Dagnaw
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2013; 2(1): 9-14
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20130220105759
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Assessment of the relationship between blood lead levels and hematological parameters among lead acid –storage battery plant workers
    Ravibabu Kalahasthi, Tapu Barman, Hirehal Raghavendra Rao
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(1): 1-5
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20120602121627
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Seroprevalence of Brucella Infection in Camel and Its Public Health Significance in Selected Districts of Afar Region, Ethiopia
    Sisay Weldegebriel Zewolda, Mekonnen Haileselassie Wereta
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(2): 91-98
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20120711034013
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Trace Metal Contamination in Tropical Endemic Fish: Factorial Effect Interactions and In situ Quantitative Risk Assessment
    Maximilian Obinna Obiakor, Josiah Chidiebere Okonkwo, Chigozie Damian Ezeonyejiaku
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2015; 4(1): 10-21
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20150105105524
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • What the work of nurses really looks like: Identifying factors influencing the work of nurses in hospital
    Helga Bragadóttir, Sigrún Gunnarsdóttir, Helgi Thór Ingason
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2014; 3(1): 13-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20131114012611
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Effect of N-methyl-N-nitrosurea on microRNA expression in CBA/CA mice
    Krisztina Juhasz, Katalin Gombos, Katalin Gocze, Veronika Wolher, Monika Szirmai, Peter Revesz, Ingrid Magda, Andor Sebestyen, Istvan Ember
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(2): 77-82
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20120627024402
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Issues with solid waste management in South Asian countries: A situational analysis of Pakistan
    Adeel Ahmed Khan, Zeeshan Ahmed, Muhammad Asadullah Siddiqui
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(2): 129-131
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20120731084356
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The effects of a group based stress treatment program (the Kalmia concept) targeting stress reduction and return to work. A randomized, wait-list controlled trial.
    Bo Netterstrøm, Lene Friebel, Yun Ladegaard
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2012; 1(2): 111-120
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20120729073901
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Correlation between Blood Cell Parameters and BTEX Exposure among Gasoline Station Workers
    Tanasorn Tunsaringkarn, Kalaya Zapuang, Anusorn Rungsiyothin
    J Environ Occup Sci. 2013; 2(1): 15-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jeos.20130212090833
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]